Over the years, dozens of technological products have been developed with very similar techniques, and although initially large amounts of energy were used to function, the trend is that the energy required to operate is reduced more and more. perform well, such as the size of the products.

Taking into account this need, the arrival of cell phones and tablets represented a challenge for technology companies, when looking for an architecture that did not require so much energy and that could be compact, hence the resurgence of the ARM architecture.

However, in recent years this type of architecture has had an exponential development at the hands of one of the most famous companies in the world and the most valuable on the planet: Apple, so now, a technology that emerged in the decade of the 80s, it is more current than ever and that, although it has had a kind of reengineering to adapt to current times, it is fighting against the now classic 64-bit architecture used for years in computers.

To define what the ARM architecture is and how it differs from the others, we have to put in context that all cell phones, computers, tablets and even smart televisions have a processor, which is used to do most of the work of computing. The processor receives instructions, executes them, and returns a result.

Now, in the case of computers, they usually use processors developed either by Intel, or by AMD and are designed to have a specific performance and can do so because they have a powerful power source, as well as specific processors for graphics and a cooling system. However, this does not happen in cell phones, since, due to their principle of being small and portable, batteries and power sources have to be smaller.

That said, it should be noted that a need was born to have a protocol or architecture that needed less energy to carry out computer processes, this even, even if it meant losing a little power. Well, from this need, processors with ARM architecture, which stands for Advanced Risc Machine (Risc stands for Reduced Instruction Set Computer), were taken up again.

The ARM architecture was designed by the UK-based transnational company ARM Holdings, which is focused on the development of software and semiconductors, with the main emphasis on processors. This architecture has been used since the 1980s for personal computers, although in recent years it has gained strength in mobile computing.

Within the specifications that differentiate it from those of 64-bit architecture, is that ARMs accept only instructions that can be achieved in a single memory cycle, that is, those used for PCs can perform more complicated and long instructions, although this implies a greater expenditure of energy.

ARM architecture in the actuality

Como ya se mencionó, la arquitectura ARM está especialmente siendo utilizada en dispositivos portátiles, por lo que, en el caso de empresas como Qualcomm y sus famosos procesadores Snapdragon, así como Mediatek y sus chipsets Dimensity utilizan dicha arquitectura. Con este dato, podemos imaginarnos que prácticamente todos los celulares Android utilizan este esquema para trabajar y agilizar sus procesos.

Now it should also be noted that the aforementioned companies have to pay a kind of royalty to the company ARM Holdings, but the firms can use the architecture to design their own processors as they please.

However, the architecture of this scheme is not only gaining strength in the mobile market, but only last year Apple announced its first 100 percent processor designed and created by them and surprised locals and strangers when it announced that it would be based on ARM architecture.

Similarly, the apple company stated that it was able to develop this chip thanks to the fact that it had more than a decade of experience in designing processors for its mobile devices and also cataloged the launch as «the beginning of a completely new era for the Mac «.

This statement was also accompanied by the launches this year made by those from Cupertino, since in the last Apple Event held in October they presented the M1 Pro and M1 Max processors, through which they assure, are the most powerful in the history of Apple and According to the company, competing 8-core processors perform 70 percent lower, which plummets further for quad-core Intel and AMD chipsets.

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